Engine Specifications

Toyota Land Cruiser: The Ultimate 4WD

Oct. 01, 2005 By ORC STAFF
Toyota Land Cruiser

Engines

Gas Engines

Gas Land Cruiser engines are manufactured by Toyota. The F and 2F engines were also used in Toyota Forlifts. The F engine is supposed to be based on the Chevy 225 I-6 "Cast Iron Wonder" and some of the bottom end of the engine is rumored to be interchangeable. The main differences between the F and the 2F are the 2F's larger bore, the F's 2 compression and 2 oil rings versus the 2F's 2 compression and single oil ring and the fact that the F had two oil paths--through the filter or through the engine compared to the 2F where all oil had to travel through the filter before the engine.

Diesel Engines

Most of the diesels are made by Hino industries, a sub-contractor for Toyota. Similar engines were used in Hino heavy trucks which are used in Canada, so the drivetrain of Hino trucks may be adaptable. Hino engines similar to the B and 3B are supposed to be used to run the refrigerator units on some refrigerated semi trailers. Some of the B diesels are manufactured byDaihatsu and can be identified by the letter "D" on the timing cover.

Most diesels in Japan and Canada are 24V and therefore meet NATO military specs. However, Canadian 1985 (85/10) BJ70's and all Canadian BJ60's are 12V. In Europe, all diesels larger than 4 cylinders are 24V except for in the 80 series which uses a 24/12V Series/Parallel switch to allow 24V starting and 12V while running. Australian diesels are all 12V.

The B, H, and 2H were also used in Toyota Forklifts, Dyna and Coaster buses.

Other Engine Suppliers

Portugese and Italian BJ73's use a VM engine made by the Italian company Stabilimenti Meccanici VM S.p.A. South African HJ75's use an Atlantis Diesel Engine licensed from Perkins. The Brazilian made Bandeirantes use a Mercedes diesel engine.

Engine Specifications

Legend - FUEL
ID - Indirect Injection Diesel
DD - Direct Injection Diesel
T - Turbo
EFIG - Gas Electronic Fuel Injection

Letter Displace-
Ment
Cyl Fuel [email protected] Torque Valves Bore X Stroke Compr
ession Ratio
  (Cc)       [email protected]
Rpm
  mm x mm  
                 
B (GAS) 3386 4 G [email protected] [email protected]???? 8 OHV 84x102 6.4:1
                 
B 2977 4 ID [email protected] [email protected] 8 OHV 95x105 21:1
2B 3168 4 ID [email protected]? [email protected] 8 OHV   21:1
3B 3431 4 ID [email protected] [email protected] 8 OHV 102x105 20:1
13B-T 3431 4 TDD [email protected] [email protected] 8 OHV 102x105 17.6:1
                 
F (-60) 3878 6 G [email protected] [email protected] 12 OHV 90x102 6.8:1
F (60-) 3878 6 G [email protected] [email protected] 12 OHV 90x102 7.5:1
2F 4230 6 G [email protected] [email protected] 12 OHV 94x102 7.8:1
3F 3955 6 G [email protected] [email protected] 12 OHV 94x95 --
3F-EFI 3955 6 EFIG [email protected] [email protected] 12 OHV 94x95 8.1:1
                 
1FZ-?* 4477 6 G [email protected]????        
1FZ-F 4477 6 G [email protected] [email protected] 24DOHC 100x95 9.0:1
1FZ-FE 4477 6 EFIG [email protected] [email protected] 24DOHC 100x95 9.0:1
                 
H 3576 6 ID [email protected] [email protected] 12 OHV 88x98 21.0:1
2H 3980 6 ID [email protected] [email protected] 12 OHV 91x102 20.7:1
12H-T 3980 6 TID [email protected] [email protected] 12 OHV 91x102 18.6:1
                 
1HD-T 4163 6 TID [email protected] [email protected] 12SOHC 94x100 18.6:1
1HD-FT 4163 6 TID [email protected] [email protected] 24SOHC 94x100 18.6:1
1HZ 4163 6 ID [email protected] [email protected] 12SOHC 94x100 22.7:1
                 
1KZ-T 2982 4 TID [email protected] [email protected] 8 96x103 21.2:1
1KZ-TE 2982 4 EID [email protected] [email protected] 8 96x103 21.2:1
                 
2L 2446 4 ID [email protected] [email protected] 8SOHC 92x92 22.3:1
2L-T 2446 4 TID [email protected] [email protected] 8SOHC 92x92 20.0:1
2L-TII 2446 4 TID [email protected] [email protected] 8SOHC 92x92 21.0:1
                 
1PZ 3469 5 ID [email protected] [email protected] 10SOHC 94x100 22.7:1
                 
22R 2367 4 G [email protected] [email protected] 8SOHC 92x89 9.0:1
22R-E 2367 4 EFIG [email protected] [email protected] 8SOHC 92x89 9.0:1

Other Stabilimenti Meccanici Vm (Italy)

VM66A 2494 5 ID [email protected] [email protected] 10 OHC 88x92 22.0:1

Atlantisdiesel (South Africa)

ADE236 3860 -- DD [email protected] [email protected] 8 OHV 98x127 16.0:1

Mercedesbenz(Brazilianbandeirante)

OM314 3784 -- DD [email protected] [email protected] 8 OHV 97x128 17.0:1
OM364 3972 -- DD [email protected] [email protected] 8 OHV 98x133 17.3:1

* 1FZ-? Low compression engine For Low, grade fuel

AVAILABILITY (MODEL YEAR)]

Letter Austrailia Canada U.S. Japan
B -- 78-80 NA 74-80
2B -- -- -- 80-82
3B 81-90 81-87 NA 81-90
13B-T ??-90 NA NA 84-90
         
F 58?-74 58?-74 -- 55-74
2F 75-84 75-87 -- 74-87
3F 84-92 NA NA  
3F-EFI 88-92 88-92 -- 88-92
         
1FZ-FE 93- 93- -- 93-
         
2H 81-90 85-87 NA 80-90
12H-T 86-90 NA NA 86-90
         
1HD-T 90-95 NA NA 91-
1HD-FT 95- -- -- --
1HZ 90- 95-+ NA 91-
         
2L -- 81-84 81-83 83-87
2L-T 86-93 84-85* NA 84-87
2L-T-II -- -- -- --
         
1PZ 90-93 ??91-+ -- --
         
22R 84-92 81-88# 81-88 #

*In Toyota Diesel Pickups
#In Toyota Pickups
+Industrial Use Only

ENGINE/CHASSIS COMBINATIONS (PRODUCTION YEAR)
  B(GAS) F
10 -- --
BJ 51-53 --
25 54-59 55-59
28 -- 58-59
V -- 58-59
35 -- 56-59
  B 2B 3B 13B-T F 2F H 2H
40 74-78 -- -- -- 60-74 74-84 -- --
V 74-78 -- -- -- 61-74 74-84 -- --
41 -- 79-81 -- -- -- -- -- --
42 -- -- 81-84 -- -- -- -- --
43 74-81 -- 81-84 -- 60-74 74-84 -- --
44 -- 79-81 -- -- -- -- -- --
V -- 80-81 -- -- -- -- -- --
45 C -- -- 81-84 -- 61-74 74-86 72-80 --
45 L -- -- 81-84 -- 61-74 74-85 72-80 --
S -- -- -- -- 61-74 74-85 -- --
W -- -- -- -- 60-68 -- -- --
46 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
47 L -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 80-85
47 C -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 80-84
55 W -- 79-80 -- -- 67-74 74-79 -- --
  3B 13B-T 2F 3F-EFI 2H
60 81-89 -- 80-84 -- --
61 -- -- -- -- 86-89
62 -- -- -- 85-89 80-89
  3B 13B-T 2F 3F-EFI 1FZ-FE 2H 12H-T 1HD-T 1HZ 1KZ-T 1KZ-TE 1PZ
70 84-89 -- 84-85 85-92 93- -- -- 90- 93- -- -- 90-
71 87-89 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 93- -- -- --
72 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
73 84-89 -- 84-85 85-93 93- -- -- 90- 93- -- -- 90-
74 87-89 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
75 84-89 -- -- 85-92 93- 85-89 -- 90- -- -- -- 90-
77 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 90- 93- -- -- 90-
78 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 93- -- -- --
80 -- -- -- 90-92 93- -- -- 90- 90- -- -- --
  2L 2L-T 2LTII 22R 22R-E
70 B 84-86 86-90 90- 84-88 88-
71 B -- -- 91-93 -- --
72 B -- 86-90 90-93 -- --
73 B -- 88-90 90- -- 88-
77 B 90-93 -- -- -- --
78 B -- -- 91-93 -- --

Performance/Fuel Economy

      Acceleration Fuel Economy
      0-100km/h (l/100km)
BJ40 4SPD 4.11 diff 29.9s 13
BJ42 4SPD 4.11 diff 24.4s 13.7
FJ40 4SPD 3.70 diff 18.7s 18.6
FJ60 4SPD 3.70 diff 16.3s 17.4
HJ60 4SPD 3.70 diff 22.7s 12.5

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