Land Cruisers models
are identified by an alphanumeric code. The code consists of the engine
series designation letter(s) and the frame
designation number separated by a the letter "J." The J may
be intended to indicate Japan as the country of production. For
example a 2 door with short wheel base and a 2F gasoline engine would be
Land Cruiser BJ (Toyota Jeep)
Cruiser BJ (Toyota Jeep) Back in 1950 the American Army contacted
the Toyota Motor Corporation with a request for a 4WD vehicle to be used
by the soldiers and military police stationed in Japan. Toyota took the
request seriously. During the war Toyota had produced a 4WD vehicle
named AK10 for the Japanese army. With that experience in their back
pocket Toyota presented, within six months, in August 1950 the Toyota
Jeep Model BJ. It had a two piece windscreen, a vertically ribbed front
and its appearance did not differ much from the Jeep. The engine was a
6-cylinder gasoline, 3.386 liter and 63 kW. It had a 4-speed
transmission without synchromesh and a single range transfer.
Land Cruiser 25
Series In 1958 the Land Cruiser took on the familiar body
style. It used the 3.8 liter 6 cylinder gas "F" engine. It had
a slightly different grill and fenders than later 40's. (This example of
the FJ25 was found in a Costa Rican Auto dealership.)
Land Cruiser 40
Series The 40 Series was produced from 1961 to 1984. This is the
classic Land Cruiser. It is a two door with removable hardtop / softop.
Early models had a 3 speed transmission that was replaced in 1974 with a
4 speed, and in 1983 with a 5 speed. It is was produced with several
engine types. FJ40's with the 3.8 liter 6 cylinder F engine came to
North America around 1963. FJ40's with the 4.2 liter 2F engine started
in 1974. BJ40's with the 3.0 liter 4 cylinder B engine came to Canada
from '78-'80 but were offered elsewhere for longer. BJ40's with the 3.4
liter 3B came to Canada from '81-'84. See the FAQ
for more detailed information on the various changes to the 40 series
Land Cruiser 45
Series Troop Carrier
Series Troop Carrier This is a longer wheelbase version of the 40.
This truck was spotted in Costa Rica. This style was not generally
available in the USA although some were imported discreetly. Australia
got their first FJ45 troopies in 1976, these were all soft top
models with full hard doors. No diesel models until mid 1979 when the H
series 6 cylinder diesel was introduced and a hard top model
designated HJ45 arrived. It had 2 body options, 11 seat capacity or 3
seater, hardtop roof was full length fiberglass. All hardtops had
"ambulance" rear doors, Nippondenso "factory underdash
air" was an option. Around 1981 the HJ47 was released with
the 2H diesel, padded dash and a change of color schemes. The HJ47 model
continued until about late 1984.
Land Cruiser 45
Series Wagon The 45 Wagon is quite rare It is similar to the troop
carrier, but has 5 doors.Gifu Body manufactured the body for the 45
Land Cruiser 45
Series Pickup The pickup version of the Land Cruiser. 45 LBPU
Square bed with tie down loops on sides, removable hard/soft top. 45
SBPU Rounded bed with bevel on top rim like a 40. This version had fixed
hardtop until approx. 1964 then removable hardtop.
Land Cruiser 55
Series This model was available in North America from 1969 to 1980.
It appeared with an F engine, and then was replaced with the 2F version
in 1975. It is a station wagon with a narrower appearance than the 40
Land Cruiser 60
Series FJ60's were available from 1980 to 1987 and were
equipped with the 2F Gasoline engine in the USA. BJ60's with the 3B
Diesel became available in Canada in 1984, then they were replaced with
with the HJ60 with the 6 cylinder Diesel and a 5 speed transmission from
Land Cruiser 62
Series This updated version of the 60 series was produced from
1987 to 1989. It can be distinguished from the 60 Series by the 2 pairs
of rectangular headlights. It has the fuel injected 3.9 L 6 cylinder
fuel injected 3F engine and was available only with an automatic
transmission in North America.
Land Cruiser 62
Series The 70 series started production in 1985. The picture
shows the LX version with chrome wheels, chrome steps and grill, 'air
ride' front seats, and a folding rear bench seat. The 70 Series shares
many features of the late model 40 series except for the body style, the
frame and drive train very similar. The BJ70 has the 3B 3.4L diesel.
This version was not imported to the United States, and Canada stopped
importation of this version in 1987. The 70 series is equipped with
power brakes, power steering, and 5 speed transmission. In Europe and
Indonesia, the 70LC "Bandura" was produced which had coil
springs instead of the standard leaf springs, and the smaller 2L-T 2.3L
turbo diesel engine. The newer models have a redesigned grill and come
with the 6 cylinder HZJ engine.
Land Cruiser 73
Series These are commonly called the Mid Wheel Base (MWB)
Cruisers. They came out with the FRP (Fiber Reinforced Plastic)
tops. They are about 12" longer in the wheel base than the
SWB 70's. Powered by the 3F Gasoline engine, or the 3B, the
13BT (basically a turbo 3B), and later the 1HZ (4.2L Diesel), and the
1PZ (a 5 cylinder 3.5L version of the 1HZ). Some of these
(gas only) came with an optional 4 speed Automatic transmission.
In Venezuela this model is available with the 4.5 liter 1FZ Engine used
in the 80 Series!
Land Cruiser 75
Series Troop Carrier
Series Troop Carrier 1985 saw the release of the 75 series
Troopie with new body, 2H diesel and 3F petrol engines, this model
continued until 1990 with minor changes, again and several after market
companies provided "pop top" camper conversions for this body.
The main upgrade in 1990 was an increase in engine performance, in 1993
the "RV" model was introduced with some "luxo"
options like 6 seats, 4 speaker AM/FM stereo cassette, extra sub tank,
cloth insert seats, front door pockets, power rear door lock. The 1HZ
diesel engine continued on and a new 1FZ-FE 4.5 liter petrol engine was
introduced, also 1993. Integrated Air Conditioning was also optional for
the 75 series troopies. The 75 series has been adapted for many roles,
recreational, mining, ambulances, armored money trucks, hire campers,
extended custom bodies for tour operators etc. The Defense Forces also
use them extensively.
Land Cruiser 75
Series Pickup This is the "pickup" truck version of the
70. The current model 70 series trucks have the 4.2l Six cylinder 1HZ
Diesel. (Earlier models had the 5 cylinder diesel 1PZ) This model is
being imported into Canada in small numbers for use in mines in northern
Canada. These versions are stripped versions with split rims and bench
seats, and are not DOT certified for on road use. They are modified with
a crew cab in place of the box to carry mine workers
Land Cruiser 77
Series Wagon somewhere in Brazil. This is an LJ77 light duty
Land Cruiser. The light duty version is known as the Land Cruiser
II. The light duty truck has coil springs instead of leafs, and
8" differentials like the Hilux rather than the 9.5" ones
found on the heavy duty Land Cruisers. This truck has the 2LT 2.4
Liter Turbo Diesel engine.
Land Cruiser 80
Series Features coil spring suspension, full-time 4 wheel
drive with locking center differential and ABS brakes. First introduced
in 1991, it was available in North America with the 3F-E engine. In 1992
the the engine was replaced by the 4.5 liter 6 cylinder 1FZ-FE engine,
DOHC, 24 valves, and electronic fuel injection. In South America, Europe
and Australia it is available with several other
engine types including the 1HD-FT 4.1 liter Six cylinder in-line
turbocharged direct injection SOHC 4 valve turbo diesel engine.
Land Cruiser Pado
(90 Series) For full information read a copy of the Press
release. The Prado (Challenger in Europe) is a replacement for the
light duty (coil spring) version of the 70 series. The Prado, is a
luxury model, with factory: full-time 4wd, IFS & rear coils,
airbags, 4 discs, 215/80 on R16x6J rims, velour cloth interior, height
adjustable head lights (required in Germany/Belgium anyway).Empty
weight 3 door: 1720kg, load 790, towing 2800. Empty weight 5 door:
1840kg, load 860, towing 2800. Two engines: 1-KZ-TE: inline 4cyl 3.0L
turbo diesel, 96kW/130hp@3600rpm & 295Nm@2000rpm (1Nm=1.5ft-lbs). ?:
V6 3.4L, gasoline 190hp, the same as goes into the Tacoma/FunRunner.
This model will not be available in North America. See Willem-Jan
Markerink's Page for more info!
Land Cruiser 100
Series Successor to the 80 Series. This model should be
released in the 1988 model year. The USA version will be
assembled in California, as the Lexus LX470 with a 4.7L V8.
The front live axle has been replaced with an independent front
suspension and torsion bars. The 100 series is too big and
top-heavy to be much of a performer on-road, and the IFS makes it
unsuited for anything but "week-end warrior" off road use.
Also due to the IFS, the front locker is no longer an option. See Willam
Jans page for more information.
Land Cruiser 105
Series The real heir to the Land Cruiser throne. This is
for markets where a Land Cruiser is a working vehicle, not a status
symbol. The running gear is little changed from the 80 Series
(that is, the solid front axle and coil springs are retained) This
vehicle will not be available in North America.
Land Cruiser Mega-Cruiser
This is a proof of concept vehicle to compete with the Hummer.
This model sees limited distribution in Japan, and is not available in
North America. It uses a 4.1 Liter direct injection intercooled turbo
Diesel ,4 speed automatic transmission with lock-up clutch ,Full-time
4WD with 2 speed transfer case, 4 Wheel independent double wishbone
suspension ,Front & Rear Limited slip differentials with locks,
Axles with hub reduction gears and 37" tires, Minimum ground
clearance 450 mm ,Counterphase four wheel steering ,Turning radius 11.8
meters, Rear tire air pressure adjuster, Inboard 4 wheel disc brakes.
Check out the Toyota Japan site for more on the Mega
Land Cruiser Bandeirante
line of Land Cruisers is currently manufactured under license by
Toyota in Brazil. Earlier models used a diesel engine manufactured
by Mercedes Benz. Current models use the Toyota14B
Engine. Body panels are produced in Brazil from Toyota dies.